John F. Kennedy Biography

John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963, just over a thousand days into his presidency, making him the youngest President to die. Born in 1917 in Massachusetts, Kennedy served in the Navy during World War II and later became a Democratic Congressman and Senator.”

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John F. Kennedy Biography

Early Life

John F. Kennedy was the second of nine children, raised in a competitive family with intense physical and intellectual competition. His father, Joseph Patrick Kennedy, had acquired a multimillion-dollar fortune in various industries, and his mother, Rose, was the daughter of a former mayor of Boston. Kennedy served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, and after being discharged, he took on the family’s political legacy following the death of his older brother.

World War II and a Future in Politics

After graduating, Joe and Jack both joined the Navy. Joe became a flyer in Europe, while Jack was assigned to the South Pacific as commander of a patrol torpedo boat, the PT-109. On August 2, 1943, their boat was rammed by a Japanese warship, killing two crew members. Despite his own injuries, Jack managed to save a crew member and led the survivors to a nearby island. They were eventually rescued, but Joe tragically died a year later in Europe. Jack was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his leadership and courage. After the war, he considered becoming a teacher or writer, but Joe’s death changed his plans.

Journalism (1945)

In April 1945, Kennedy’s father arranged for his son to work as a special correspondent for Hearst Newspapers, keeping his name in the public eye and exposing him to journalism as a potential career. In May, he went to Berlin to cover the Potsdam Conference and other events.

Congressman and senator

Kennedy quickly rose to political success, winning his first election to Congress in 1946 at the age of 29. He served three terms as a liberal representative, advocating for better working conditions, public housing, higher wages, and more Social Security. He also supported Cold War policies but criticized the Truman administration’s record in Asia. In 1952, he won a seat in the U.S. Senate by defeating the popular incumbent, Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., with the help of his family and volunteers.

John F. Kennedy Biography

The President is Shot

On November 21, 1963, President Kennedy flew to Texas for political speeches. The next day, on November 22, shots were fired as his car drove through crowds in Dallas. Kennedy was wounded and died shortly after. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested and charged with the murder. On November 24, Jack Ruby killed Oswald, eliminating a potential source of information. The Warren Commission was formed to investigate the assassination and address remaining questions.

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

President Kennedy believed that he could defeat Sen. Barry Goldwater in the 1964 election and enact major legislative reforms. However, a feud between Democrats in Texas posed an obstacle. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, and Vice President Johnson assumed the presidency. Lee Harvey Oswald was accused of the assassination and later killed, but doubts about a conspiracy lingered.


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