Rosa Parks Biography

Rosa Parks, born in 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama, and died in 2005 in Detroit, Michigan, was an American civil rights activist. Her refusal to give up her seat on a public bus led to the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955-56, which ignited the civil rights movement in the United States. Rosa Louise McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama to parents James McCauley, a skilled stonemason and carpenter, and Leona Edwards McCauley, a teacher. She spent much of her childhood and youth ill with chronic tonsillitis.  Well, continue reading so you know more about Rose Park’s biography. In this case, I’ll be telling you all you should know about Rose Park.

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Early Life

Rosa faced racial discrimination early in life and witnessed her grandfather standing in front of their house with a shotgun while Ku Klux Klan members marched down the street. She also fought back physically against bullying from white children, refusing to accept physical abuse without retaliation. Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama in 1913. Her parents separated when she was 2, and she moved with her mother to live with her grandparents, who were formerly enslaved people and strong advocates for racial equality.

Rose Parks Husband

It is said that Rosa married Raymond Parks in 1932; he was a barber from Montgomery. He was a member of the NAACP, which at the time was raising money to support the protection of the Scottsboro Boys, a group of black men falsely accused of raping two white women. Rosa took on countless jobs, ranging from private worker to hospital aide. At her husband’s insistence, she finished her high school studies in 1933, at a time when fewer than 7% of African Americans had a high school diploma. In December 1943, Parks became involved in the civil rights movement by joining the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP.

Parks Arrest and Bus Boycott

On December 1, 1955, after working as a seamstress at a Montgomery department store, Parks took a seat in the “colored” section of the Cleveland Avenue bus. The Montgomery City Code required segregated public transportation, with bus drivers enforcing the separation of white and Black passengers by assigning seats. African American passengers had to board at the front to pay their fare and then reboard at the back.

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Montgomery Bus Boycott

Nixon met with Jo Ann Robinson, a member of the Women’s Political Council, to discuss the Parks case. Robinson took action by printing over 35,000 handbills to announce a bus boycott. The Women’s Political Council was the first group to support the boycott. The boycott was announced at Black churches and in the Montgomery Advertiser, and attendees agreed to continue until they were treated with respect, Black drivers were hired, and seating was on a first-come basis. Parks was tried the next day, found guilty, fined, and appealed the conviction to challenge racial segregation.

Life After Bus Boycott

After her arrest in Montgomery, Rosa Parks faced hardship as she lost her job and her husband was fired. They received death threats and eventually moved to Detroit. There, she worked as a secretary and became involved in activism, speaking out against discrimination and police abuse. She also founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development and published two autobiographies.

Parks Death Funeral

On October 24, 2005, Rosa Parks passed away at the age of 92 in her Detroit apartment after suffering from progressive dementia since at least 2002. Her death was commemorated with multiple memorial services, including lying in honor at the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, where around 50,000 people paid their respects. Parks was the first woman and second Black person to receive this honor.

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